Greek has an unbroken history of being a written language for over 3,000 years. Last modified February 05, 2015. In Homer and the Origin of the Greek Alphabet The earliest datable inscriptions, both from approximately 725 bce, come from Athens (the Dipylon vase) … The Greek alphabet is still used today. The first two letters in the … Start with the Greek alphabet, which has … It has a long and well-documented history—the longest of any Indo-European language—spanning 34 centuries. He confuses the Erasimian pronunciation with the reconstructed pronunciation of Classical Greek, but his audio demonstrations of Modern Greek pronunciation are extremely valuable. Even though today the Greek alphabet is only used for the Greek language, it is the root of most of the scripts used today in the western world. Example of an Ancient Greek boustrophedon inscription. This history is often divided into three parts, ancient Greek, medieval Greek, and modern Greek. The Mycenaeans, who were the subjects of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, had developed a system of writing that today's scholars call “Linear B”. This is not fully understood, but it seems likely that certain differences between Phoenician and Greek phonology played a role in the process. When the Greeks gained control of Egypt during the Hellenistic period, the Egyptian writing system was replaced by the Coptic alphabet, which was based on the Greek alphabet as well. The Greek alphabet is the writing system developed in Greece which first appears in the archaeological record during the 8th century BCE. Greek alphabet, writing system that was developed in Greece about 1000 bce.It is the direct or indirect ancestor of all modern European alphabets. This was followed by a period of bidirectional writing, which means that the direction of the writing was in one direction on one line but in the opposite direction on the next, a practice known as boustrophedon. Attic Greek was spoken in Athens, the largest city, and was thought to be the purest form of Greek. Even though today the Greek alphabet is only use for the Greek language, it is the root script of most of the scripts used today in the western world. Interestingly, his name seems to be connected to the Phoenician word qadm “east”. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. This video by Tim McNinch can help. The Etruscans and the Messapians created their own alphabet based on the Greek alphabet, inspiring the creation of the Old Italic scripts, the source the Latin alphabet. Their common language and writing was one of the things that bound the Greeks together. However, there are a few inferences that can be made based on the archaeological evidence available. For a great demonstration of the pronunciation of Modern Greek, see Harry Foundalis' discussion of the Greek Alphabet. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Greek Alphabet. (Clicking the link will download a PDF file.). The graffiti found in Lefkandi and Eretria, the ‘Dipylon oinochoe’ found in Athens, and the inscriptions in the ‘Nestor’s cup’ form Pithekoussai are all dated to the second half of the 8th century BCE, and they are the oldest known Greek alphabetic inscriptions ever recorded. Carl Conrad has provided a fine discussion of the history of Ancient Greek pronunciation by, tracing its development from Indo-european. Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics focussing mostly on Hellenistic Greek ... visit the Greek Language and Linguistics Blog. There were several versions of the early Greek alphabet, broadly classifiable into two different groups: the eastern and the western alphabets. NativLang Greek Alphabet Tutorials – YouTube – Learn to write the letters of the Ancient & Modern Greek alphabets and see script forms throughout history over the course of 5 videos. "Greek Alphabet." In other words, there is no evidence of a developmental stage of the Greek alphabet as far as we can tell from the earliest recorded examples: if instead of a single move, the Greeks executed these innovations gradually, we would expect to see examples of defective, inconsistent, or incomplete vowel representations, but none of these has been identified so far. A western version of the Greek alphabet used by Greek colonists in Sicily passed into the Italian peninsula. It was developed from the Canaanite/Phoenician alphabet and the order and names of the letters are derived from Phoenician. Written by Cristian Violatti, published on 05 February 2015 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 05 Feb 2015. One famous example is reported by Herodotus:The Kadmos mentioned by Herodotus is the Greek spelling for Cadmus, the legendary Phoenician of Greek folklore who was considered the founder and first king of Thebes in Boeotia. The Linear B script was lost around c.1100 BCE and with it, all knowledge of writing vanished from Greece until the time when the Greek alphabet was developed. Greek (modern Ελληνικά, romanized: Elliniká, ancient Ἑλληνική, Hellēnikḗ) is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning at least 3,500 years of written records.
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