asimina triloba range


The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The pawpaw is the basis for various place and school names in the United States, almost all using the older spelling variant "paw paw". Asimina triloba, the American papaw, pawpaw, paw paw, or paw-paw, among many regional names, is a small deciduous tree native to the eastern United States and Canada, producing a large, yellowish-green to brown fruit. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. This plant's scientific name is Asimina triloba. [30], The earliest documented mention of pawpaws is in the 1541 report of the Spanish de Soto expedition, who found Native Americans east of the Mississippi River cultivating what some have identified as the pawpaw. [9], The hard, brown, shiny lima-bean-sized seeds were sometimes carried as pocket pieces in Ohio. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. [2][3][4] It belongs to the genus Asimina in the same plant family (the Annonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang-ylang, and soursop. Porcelia triloba (L.) Pers. This family is famous for a number of fine fruit, including cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill. Pawpaws have never been cultivated for their fruits on the scale of apples or peaches, primarily because pawpaw fruits ripen to the point of fermentation soon after they are picked, and only frozen fruit stores or ships well. In the United States, the species has an N5 (very common), but is considered a threatened species in New York, and an endangered species in New Jersey. [24], Pawpaw flowers are insect-pollinated, but fruit production is sometimes limited as few if any pollinators are attracted to the flower's faint, or sometimes nonexistent scent. Seeds should not be dried out, as they lose viability if they dehydrate to 5% moisture. This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. [25], The fruits of the pawpaw are eaten by a variety of mammals, including raccoons, gray foxes, opossums, squirrels, and black bears. Florida native. These give way to 5 [42] Many have been lost and are no longer available commercially. Since 1999, the Ohio Pawpaw Growers' Association has sponsored an annual, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 17:40. Tytuł: Re: Urodlin trójłatkowy - Asimina triloba. Asimina triloba Dunal: Range of A. triloba in the United States: Asimina triloba, the pawpaw, paw paw, paw-paw, or common pawpaw, is a species of Asimina (the pawpaw genus) in the same plant family (theAnnonaceae) as the custard-apple, cherimoya, sweetsop, ylang-ylang and soursop. [6][39] Pawpaw fruits have a sweet, custard-like flavor somewhat similar to banana, mango, and cantaloupe,[6][9] varying significantly by source or cultivar,[6] with more protein than most fruits. [29], The tough, fibrous inner bark of the pawpaw was used by Native Americans and settlers in the Midwest for making ropes, fishing nets, mats,[9][28] and for stringing fish. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. This page was last edited on 26 May 2020, at 01:25. 2003. [41][35], Harvesting seedlings from the forest floor is tricky because most forest-floor seedlings are actually root suckers with few roots, and those seedlings that did grow from a seed have deep taproots.[36][35]. 166-66 is one of the first to drop above average size fruits, green/yellow when ripe, sweet, excellent taste. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. Asimina glabra hort. KSU is the site of the USDA National Clonal Germplasm Repository for Asimina species and the pawpaw orchards at KSU contain over 1,700 trees. Pawpaw (Asimina triloba [L.] Dunal) is widely cultivated in Korea for its fruit, which contains bioactive compounds, such as acetogenins. According to a report from the KSU Pawpaw Program (right table), raw pawpaw (with skin) is 19% carbohydrates, 1% protein, 1% fat, and 79% water (estimated). [17], A. triloba is a large shrub or small tree growing to a height of 35 ft (11 m), rarely as tall as 45 ft (14 m), with trunks 8–12 in (20–30 cm) or more in diameter. Over the years, many cultivars of A. triloba have been developed or discovered. Asymina jest małym, niskopiennym drzewkiem lub szeroko kulistym krzewem. Asymina, urodlin (Asimina Adans.) The cup-shape flowers are in dull shades of purple and crimson, and have an unusual, leathery appearance. The fruits are pendant and banana-shaped, with a white flesh which as it ripens becomes pale yellow (Steyermark 1981) (Figure 1). Pawpaw is the largest native fruit in North America and has very few diseases compared to other orchard crops. 300.00 PLN. [30] After the arrival of humans and the subsequent extinction of megafauna that were distributing A. triloba, the probable distribution of these large fruit-bearing plants has been by humans. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 202: 1-130. Nazwa łacińska: Asimina triloba: Nazwa polska: Urodlin trójłatkowy: Należy do obiektu: Ogród Botaniczny we Wrocławiu: Województwo: Dolnośląskie Asimina triloba: Pawpaw 2 Description Height: 15 to 20 feet Spread: 15 to 20 feet Crown uniformity: symmetrical Crown shape: upright/erect, round Crown density: moderate Growth rate: moderate Texture: coarse Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Pawpaws spread locally primarily by root suckers; sexual reproduction by seed does also occur, but at a fairly low rate. Root sucker seedlings, however, are all genetically identical to their host. [26] The one notable exception is the zebra swallowtail butterfly (Eurytides marcellus), whose larvae feed on the leaves of various species of Asimina, conferring protection from predation throughout the butterflies' lives, as trace amounts of acetogenins remain present, making them unpalatable to birds and other predators. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. (click for full details) County Coll. [14], Several tribes of Native Americans have terms for the pawpaw such as riwahárikstikuc (Pawnee),[15] tózhaⁿ hu (Kansa),[16] and umbi (Choctaw). [24], The disagreeable-smelling leaves, twigs, and bark of pawpaws contain natural insecticides known as acetogenins. The expanding leaves are conduplicate, green, covered with rusty tomentum beneath, and hairy above; when fully grown they are smooth, dark green above, and paler beneath. The genus name Asimina is adapted from the Native American (probably Miami-Illinois[8]) name assimin or rassimin[9] through the French colonial asiminier. [27] Chemicals in the pawpaw leaves confer protection from predation throughout the butterflies' lives, as trace amounts of acetogenins remain present, making them unpalatable to birds and other predators.[29]. [19] The easily bruised pawpaw fruits do not ship well unless frozen. By 1598, English-speaking people in the Caribbean were calling these plants "pawpaws" or "papaws" ... [yet later, when English-speakers settled in] the temperate Americas, they found another tree with a similarly aromatic, sweet fruit. [25] The flowers produce an odor similar to that of rotting meat to attract blowflies or carrion beetles for cross-pollination. [6][22][23], The tree commonly grows in floodplains and shady, rich bottomlands, where it often forms a dense, clonally spreading undergrowth in the forest, often appearing as a patch or thicket of individual, small, slender trees.

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