giant pacific octopus scientific name


[7] Guinness World Records lists the biggest as 136 kg (300 lb) with an arm span of 9.8 m (32 ft). Because octopuses have hemocyanin as copper-based blood, a small change in pH can reduce oxygen-carrying capacity. woman nets fame for photos of octopus eating seagull", "Diet of Pacific sleeper shark, a potential Steller sea lion predator, in the north-east Pacific Ocean", "Giant Pacific Octopus (Octopus dofleini)", "Octopuses (Enteroctopus dofleini) Recognize Individual Humans", "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The Giant Pacific Octopus is the largest of the species. The giant Pacific octopus or ‘Enteroctopus Dofleini’ is the biggest known octopus species. While not endangered, the species is likely threatened by pollution and climate change. Habitat: Subtidal to 5,000 ft. One female at the Seattle Aquarium was observed to hold onto the spermatophore for seven months before laying fertilized eggs. Previously, it was named Octopus … It was recorded in Alaskan Aleutian Islands and Baja California. Although many eggs are laid and hatch, most hatchlings are eaten before they reach adulthood. The giant Pacific octopus or ‘Enteroctopus Dofleini’ is the biggest known octopus species. Giant Pacific Octopus Scientific Name: Enteroctopus dofleini Class: Cephalapoda Order: Octopoda Family: Octopodidae This is the largest known species of octopus. [16], During reproduction, the male octopus deposits a spermatophore (or sperm packet) more than 1 m long using his hectocotylus (specialized arm) in the female's mantle. This is an octopus with a couple common names, including: the giant Pacific octopus, the Pacific octopus, and the North Pacific octopus. Quicker hatching time may also affect critical timing with food availability. Limiting factors. Another difference between the GPO and the other octopus is that the Giant Pacific octopus has … The size record is held by a specimen that was 30 feet across and weighed more than 600 pounds. Scientific Name Enteroctopus dofleini Range North to Alaska, South to Mexico Conservation Status Not Listed Aquatic Invertebrate. The Giant octopus is Enteroctopus, and one of its species is the largest octopus.There are four species: the North Pacific Giant Octopus (E. dofleini), the Southern Giant Octopus (Enteroctopus magnificus), E. megalocyathus, and E. zealandicus.. Overview. [16] Some researchers even claim that they are capable of motor play[23] and having personalities.[24]. The Tomamae Giant Pacific Octopus FIP aims to revitalize the region’s fisheries by improving the sustainability of fishing practices through the establishment of a science-based management plan for the octopus fishery, which is managed by the Kita-Rumoi Fisheries Cooperative. It can be found in the coastal Pacific Northwest and is arguably the largest octopus species, based on a scientific record of a 71 kg (156.5 lb) individual weighed live. They have about 300 million neurons. After mating, the female stops hunting. In laboratory tests and aquariums, it has been able to solve mazes very quickly and can unscrew jar lids to retrieve food inside. Some research suggests that fishing other species have aided octopus populations, by taking out predators and competitors. A giant octopus (also known as the giant Pacific octopus or as it's scientific name, Enteroctopus dofleini) typically weighs about one hundred and fifty six pounds. Characteristics. [29] Fish and octopuses move from the deep towards the shallow water for more oxygen. The giant Pacific octopus is touted as being the largest known octopus in the world. THE END THE OCTOPUS BY: LISA MARIA KNAPP DIAGRAM OF AN OCTOPUS HERE YOU HAVE A FIGURE OF AN OCTOPUS AND SHOWS ITS BODY PARTS SCIENTIFIC NAME OF NORTH PACIFIC GIANT OCTOPUS Enteroctopus dofleini HOW DOES THE NORTH PACIFIC GIANT OCTOPUS FEED? [21] Giant Pacific Octopuses are commonly kept on display at aquariums due to their size and interesting physiology, and have demonstrated the ability to recognize humans that they frequently come in contact with. [3] The larger individuals have been measured at 50 kg (110 lb) and have a radial span of 6 m (20 ft)[1] American zoologist G.H. The Pacific octopus was recently re-classified. Scientific Name Enteroctopus dofleini Range North to Alaska, South to Mexico Conservation Status Not Listed Aquatic Invertebrate. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. Their shells are just located inside their head as 2 small plates and the remainder of their body is soft and malleable. [13] In May 2012, amateur photographer Ginger Morneau was widely reported to have photographed a wild giant Pacific octopus attacking and drowning a seagull, demonstrating that this species is not above eating any available source of food within its size range, even birds. The eggs and paralarvae support zooplankton filter feeders, such as baleen whales, some species of sharks, and many species of fish. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. [16] The octopus brain has folded lobes (a distinct characteristic of complexity), visual and tactile memory centers. [25] The giant Pacific octopus has not been assessed by the Monterey Bay Aquarium Seafood Watch, although other octopus species are listed. For an animal that is so intelligent and complex, they have shockingly short lifespans. Despite its large size, the octopus can compress its body to fit through any opening larger than its beak. Marine mammals, such as harbor seals, sea otters, and sperm whales depend upon the giant Pacific octopus as a source of food. An octopus's garden The adult giant Pacific octopus eats a wide assortment of seafood including crabs, clams and other mussels. They have a hydrostatic skeleton which allows them to keep body parts rigid. Fished from the white sands off the Canary Islands, the warmer waters here yield a naturally smaller and sweeter-tasting species than those found in Asian waters. The average lifespan is only 1-2 years while the giant Pacific octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini) has both the largest size and longest lifespan, weighing in at an average of … North Pacific Giant Octopus. [1] Over thousands of years, humans have caught them using lures, spears, pot traps, nets, and bare hands. The existence of a separate species has been suspected since at least 2012, when researchers found DNA evidence of a genetically distinct Enteroctopus in the waters of Prince William Sound in Alaska. [12] Additionally, consumed carcasses of this same shark species have been found in giant Pacific octopus middens in the wild, providing strong evidence of these octopuses preying on small sharks in their natural habitat. Some octopuses exhibit the ability to alter speeds of sodium and potassium ion movement across cell membranes, allowing them to live in very cold water. [16], Giant Pacific octopuses are semelparous; they breed once before death. This octopus is generally reddish-brown, but special pigment cells in its skin change texture and color to camouflage the animal against rocks, plants, and coral. The Giant Pacific octopus, Enteroctopus dofleini, is a contender for being the largest of all octopus species, but it turns out it is actually at least two distinct species. Keep reading to learn more. [27] Populations in Puget Sound are not considered threatened. The giant Pacific octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini), also known as the North Pacific giant octopus, is the largest and longest-lived octopus in the world. The Giant Pacific Octopus is the largest of the species. The giant Pacific octopus (Enteroctopus dofleini, formerly also Octopus apollyon), also known as the North Pacific giant octopus, is a large marine cephalopod belonging to the genus Enteroctopus. Calcifying organisms use calcium carbonate to produce shells, skeletons, and tests. Scientists have relied on catch numbers to estimate stock abundance, but the animals are solitary and difficult to find. It was initially referred to by Louis Joubin, the French naturalist in honor of whom the Atlantic Pygmy Octopus got its scientific name Octopus Joubini. Using tag and recapture methods, scientists found they move from den to den in response to decreased food availability, change in water quality, increase in predation, or increased density (or decreased available habitat/den space)[28] Because their blue blood is copper-based (hemocyanin) and not an efficient oxygen carrier, octopuses favor and move toward cooler oxygen-rich water. D&D Beyond Eggs hatch in about 6 months. The giant Pacific octopus is the biggest octopus species. are negatively impacted by ocean acidification, and may decrease in abundance. The Giant Pacific octopus, Enteroctopus dofleini, is a contender for being the largest of all octopus species, but it turns out it is actually at least two distinct species. Pacific sleeper sharks are also confirmed predators of this species. In captivity they even learn to recognize the individual humans they interact with.

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