outer hebrides population

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2: The Outer Hebrides has sustainable economic growth and all our people have access to appropriate employment opportunities. There are various important prehistoric structures, many of which pre-date the first written references to the islands by Roman and Greek authors. [88][92][Note 4] This transition did little to relieve the islands of internecine strife although by the early 14th century the MacDonald Lords of the Isles, based on Islay, were in theory these chiefs' feudal superiors and managed to exert some control. (Eds) (2003), McKirdy, Alan Gordon, John & Crofts, Roger (2007), This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 10:25. The Western Isles became part of the Norse kingdom of the Suðreyjar, which lasted for over 400 years until sovereignty for the Outer Hebrides was transferred to Scotland by the Treaty of Perth in 1266. The only large town in the Outer Hebrides is Stornoway (Steòrnabhagh) with approximately 6,953 people in the Stornoway settlement Laxdale (Lacasdal), Sandwick (Sanndabhaig) and Newmarket. Control of the islands was then held by clan chiefs, principal of whom were the MacLeods, MacDonalds, Mackenzies and MacNeils. 30 Fascinating Facts from the Scottish Hebrides 1) Dunaad is the site of the Kings of Dal Riata – regarded as the first Scottish kings. [86] Norse control of the Hebrides was formalised in 1098 when Edgar, King of Scotland formally signed the islands over to Magnus III of Norway. Bus na Comhairle (meaning "Bus of the Council") is the council-owned local bus company of the Western Isles of Scotland. The island does not have a single name in either English or Gaelic, and is referred to as "Lewis and Harris", "Lewis with Harris", "Harris with Lewis" etc. [151][152], Archipelago and council area off the west coast of mainland Scotland, "Na h-Eileanan an Iar" redirects here. (eds) (2002), Ballin Smith, Beverley; Taylor, Simon; Williams, Gareth (eds) (2007), Hanson, William S. "The Roman Presence: Brief Interludes", in Edwards, Kevin J. Wilson, Neil and Murphy, Alan "Destination Scotland". The population is estimated to have decreased over the last year primarily because of what’s known as ‘negative natural change’, which was … The Shiant Islands and St Kilda are formed from much later tertiary basalt and basalt and gabbros respectively. The districts are Stornoway representing the outer Hebrides, and on the west coast, from north to south, Kinlochbervie, Lochinver, Ullapool, Mallaig, Oban and Campbeltown. The islands also provide a habitat for other important species such as corncrake, hen harrier, golden eagle and otter. [102] Nonetheless the aftermath of the decisive Battle of Culloden, which effectively ended Jacobite hopes of a Stuart restoration, was widely felt. km ). [102] A new era of Hebridean involvement in the affairs of the wider world was about to commence. From Old Norse, Ballin Smith, B. and Banks, I. Any stay here lives with you, your family and your friends forever. The sunniest days in Outer Hebrides are in May which has the most hours of sunshine per day with an average of 6.7 hours of sunshine per day, making it a quite sunny month with some cloud cover. 73 kilometres (45 mi) to the west of Lewis lies St Kilda, now uninhabited except for a small military base. [104] Islands such as Fuaigh Mòr were completely cleared of their populations and even today the subject is recalled with bitterness and resentment in some areas. Situated west of Scotland’s mainland is an archipelago known as the Outer Hebrides. [61], The Hebrides were originally settled in the Mesolithic era and have a diversity of important prehistoric sites. The impact appears to have been very limited. [97] The House of Stuart's attempts to control the Outer Hebrides were then at first desultory and little more than punitive expeditions. The tiny Beasts of Holm off the east coast of Lewis were the site of the sinking of HMS Iolaire during the first few hours of 1919,[141] one of the worst maritime disasters in United Kingdom waters during the 20th century. Sea transport is crucial and a variety of ferry services operate between the islands and to mainland Scotland. "The ancient geography of Scotland" in Smith and Banks (2002) pp. Within ten minutes the ship began to founder and break up casting 450 people into the raging sea. Stornoway on the Isle of Lewis is the administrative capital of the Western Isles. The largest settlement in the Outer Hebrides is Stornoway on Lewis, which has a population of about 8,100. Hunter (2000) states that in relation to King Bridei I of the Picts in the sixth century AD: "As for Shetland, Orkney, Skye and the Western Isles, their inhabitants, most of whom appear to have been Pictish in culture and speech at this time, are likely to have regarded Bridei as a fairly distant presence. More than 35 such islands have been identified in the Outer Hebrides alone. The oldest links in the Outer Hebrides, it was designed by Old Tom Morris. [120][121] However the economic position of the islands remains relatively precarious. There are more than fifty uninhabited islands greater in size than 40 hectares (99 acres) in the Outer Hebrides, including the Barra Isles, Flannan Isles, Monach Islands, the Shiant Islands and the islands of Loch Ròg. Natural change has been consistently over -100 for most years but reached its highest in 2015 at -176. [77], The individual island and place names in the Outer Hebrides have mixed Gaelic and Norse origins. Others have played a part in Scottish history. The northern island is Lewis and Harris.South of Lewis and Harris is a series of islands, such as South Uist, Benbecula and North Uist.The Outer Herides includes a number of even smaller islands. [108][109], For those who remained new economic opportunities emerged through the export of cattle, commercial fishing and tourism. The best known find from this time is the Lewis chessmen, which date from the mid 12th century. Traditional Harris Tweed has become just one example of how the industry of the Outer Hebrides has impacted well beyond their shores. [14] The Uists and their immediate outliers have a combined area of 745.4 square kilometres (288 sq mi). The national scenic areas are defined so as to identify areas of exceptional scenery and to ensure its protection from inappropriate development,[18] and are considered to represent the type of scenic beauty "popularly associated with Scotland and for which it is renowned". Eriskay is an island in the Outer Hebrides. Harris has fewer large bodies of water but has innumerable small lochans. The Outer Hebrides are administered by Comhairle nan Eilean Siar and had a population … Stornoway is the only settlement, which can really be described as having any 'urban' characteristics. The ruins of the small village on Hirta still provide a remarkable reminder of the people who used to live there. [72] Pliny probably took his information from Pytheas of Massilia who visited Britain sometime between 322 and 285 BC. Outer Hebrides • Total population was 26,830 in 2018, a decrease of 3.1% from 2011. • Population density (9 people per sq. [130][131], Most areas were between 60-74% Gaelic speaking and the areas with the highest density of over 80% are Scalpay near Harris, Newtonferry and Kildonan, whilst Daliburgh, Linshader, Eriskay, Brue, Boisdale, West Harris, Ardveenish, Soval, Ness, and Bragar all have more than 75%. [50] The status of Rockall, which is 367 kilometres (228 mi) to the west of North Uist and which the Island of Rockall Act 1972 decreed to be a part of the Western Isles, remains a matter of international dispute. In 1506 the Earl of Huntly besieged and captured Stornoway Castle using cannon. This shows a decrease of 0.4% (110 persons) from mid 2018 to mid 2019. The Outer Hebrides programmes ensure that the benefits and participation of the local community is fundamental to the LEADER and EMFF ethos of networking, co-operation, transferring knowledge and integrating activities through enabling the delivery of the objectives of the Local Development Strategy which was developed for and by local communities. Indech, son of the goddess Domnu, who ruled over the deep seas). The last official statistic for the population of the Outer Hebrides was released in 2011, and it had shown a rise of +4.5%, putting the population number at 27,684. The Outer Hebrides. Bill Lawson has been specialising in the Family and Social History in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland for over 40 years, and is widely recognised as an authority in the area. 15. inhabited islands. Stretching 210 kilometres (130 miles) from Lewis in the north to Barra Head in the south, the Outer Hebrides belong to Scotland’s Western Isles (in Gaelic, Eilean Siar) council. His skald Bjorn Cripplehand recorded that in Lewis "fire played high in the heaven" as "flame spouted from the houses" and that in the Uists "the king dyed his sword red in blood". [71][72] Breeze also suggests that Dumna might be Lewis and Harris, the largest island of the Outer Hebrides although he conflates this single island with the name "Long Island". [130], The Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act was enacted by the Scottish Parliament in 2005 to provide continuing support for the language. Offshore, basking shark and various species of whale and dolphin can often be seen,[29] and the remoter islands' seabird populations are of international significance. Various Gaelic terms are used repeatedly:[78], There are also several islands called Orasaigh from the Norse Örfirirsey meaning "tidal" or "ebb island". [62][63] The Callanish Stones, dating from about 2900 BC, are the finest example of a stone circle in Scotland, the 13 primary monoliths of between one and five metres high creating a circle about 13 metres (43 ft) in diameter. Harris (Scottish Gaelic: Na Hearadh, pronounced [nə ˈhɛɾəɣ] ()) is the southern and more mountainous part of Lewis and Harris, the largest island in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland.Although not an island itself, Harris is often referred to as the Isle of Harris, which is the former postal county and the current post town for Royal Mail postcodes starting HS3 or HS5; see HS postcode area. [124][125] Since then, the islands have formed one of the 32 unitary council areas that now cover the whole country, with the council officially known by its Gaelic name, Comhairle nan Eilean Siar under the terms of the Local Government (Gaelic Names) (Scotland) Act 1997. "[82] The island of Pabbay is the site of the Pabbay Stone, the only extant Pictish symbol stone in the Outer Hebrides. The Western Isles is a member of the International Island Games Association. [129] Nonetheless, by 1971 most areas were still more than 75% Gaelic speaking – with the exception of Stornoway, Benbecula and South Uist at 50-74%. ... population. [15] Barra is 58.75 square kilometres (23 sq mi) in extent and has a rugged interior, surrounded by machair and extensive beaches.[16][17]. [49] A similar distance to the north of Lewis are North Rona and Sula Sgeir, two small and remote islands. [7] It incorporates Lewis in the north and Harris in the south, both of which are frequently referred to as individual islands, although they are connected by land. [139], Annie Jane, a three-masted immigrant ship out of Liverpool bound for Montreal, Canada, struck rocks off the West Beach of Vatersay during a storm on Tuesday 28 September 1853. 152–158, See for example Maclean (1977) Chapter 10: "Arcady Despoiled" pp. [39][109], The work of the Napier Commission and the Congested Districts Board, and the passing of the Crofting Act of 1886 helped, but social unrest continued. [91], As the Norse era drew to a close the Norse-speaking princes were gradually replaced by Gaelic-speaking clan chiefs including the MacLeods of Lewis and Harris, the MacDonalds of the Uists and MacNeil of Barra. [54] The gneiss's delicate pink colours are exposed throughout the islands and it is sometimes referred to by geologists as "The Old Boy". Demographically, the population of the Outer Hebrides is ageing. [79] Hanson (2003) writes: "For many years it has been almost axiomatic in studies of the period that the Roman conquest must have had some major medium or long-term impact on Scotland. The transitional relationships between Norse and Gaelic-speaking rulers are complex. The creation of the Highlands and Islands Development Board and the discovery of substantial deposits of North Sea oil in 1965, the establishment of a unitary local authority for the islands in 1975 and more recently the renewables sector have all contributed to a degree of economic stability in recent decades. It is possible that Ptolemy did as well, as Agricola's information about the west coast of Scotland was of poor quality. [19] The three NSA within the Outer Hebrides are: Much of the archipelago is a protected habitat, including both the islands and the surrounding waters. [64][65][66][67] Cladh Hallan on South Uist, the only site in the UK where prehistoric mummies have been found, and the impressive ruins of Dun Carloway broch on Lewis both date from the Iron Age. [126] The Comhairle is one of only three Councils in Scotland with a majority of elected members who are independents. The Seaforths ..., besides establishing orderly Government in the island.. had done a great deal to rescue the people from the slough of ignorance and incivility in which they found themselves immersed. This decrease can be attributed to the low net migration (50) but is mainly due to  the negative ‘natural change’. The fire gushed out of the houses". The colonists tried again in 1605 with the same result but a third attempt in 1607 was more successful, and in due course Stornoway became a Burgh of Barony. Overall, the area is relatively reliant on primary industries and the public sector, and fishing and fish farming in particular are vulnerable to environmental impacts, changing market pressures, and European legislation. This Website uses cookies. [75], In modern Gaelic the islands are sometimes referred to collectively as An t-Eilean Fada (the Long Island)[55] or Na h-Eileanan a-Muigh (the Outer Isles).

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