who was spartacus

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The goal of this essay is to determine if Spartacus had an impact on the Roman Empire, or if the slave revolt he led was a failure that led to a waste of time and lives. We have two main sources: Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122) describes this war in his Life of Crassus (text), and one generation later, Appian told the story in his History of the Civil wars (text). 1. Spartacus was the leader of a slave revolt against the Roman Republic in 73BC. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. He plundered most of Italy before being defeated and killed in a pitched battle. Read more. Plutarch and Spartacus' Marriage . His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the encyclopaedia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Little is known of the early years of Spartacus. However, the only sure thing is that he is Thracian (and Roman mercenary) and born approximately around 109 BC. But Spartacus and his men provided the spark of hope that became a wildfire of armed rage. It is generally believed he deserted, and some sources say he led bandit raids. Spartacus (Latin: Spartacus; Greek: Σπάρτακος; ca. Main index menu covering the Important Figures in the Case, Important Witnesses, Investigators, Researchers and Journalists, Possible Conspirators, Organizations and Operations, Reports on the Assassination, Kennedy Assassination Issues, Primary Sources: Key Issues, Primary Sources: Theories, Student Activities. The fiercely independent slave seeks freedom for himself and his downtrodden companions. This man’s name was Spartacus. Other say that he was not an auxiliary of Roman legions but was rather only captured by the legions … In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. Spartacus was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Romans. Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. According to the surviving sources, Spartacus was from Thrace, an area in southeast Europe that the Romans were often trying to subjugate during the first century B.C.. Rome was no stranger to slave revolts, but … By the end of 72 BC, they were camped at Rhenium, (now Reggio di Calabria) probably intending to go on to Sicily. It is inspired by the life story of Spartacus , the leader of a slave revolt in antiquity, and the events of the Third Servile War . Spartacus was born in Thrace, an area where the modern-day Balkans states, including Turkey, Bulgaria, and Greece, are located.Though little is known about Spartacus’ early life, historians believe he may once have served in the Roman army.. Spartacus was sold into slavery, perhaps due to rebellion against or desertion from the army. Like most lower-ranking slaves, she is often barefoot. was a Thracian gladiator who led a slave war in Italy against the Romans. Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. He and his army ignited a slave revolt that threatened the powerful Roman Empire to its very core. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Directed by Stanley Kubrick. The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator, who became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman Republic. There, he led a slave rebellion in 73 B.C. His first attempt was unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus' orders. Spartacus, a former slave in the Roman Empire, did not think it was very fair and neither did the other thousands of people that led a revolt with Spartacus against slavery. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. The Third Servile War, also called by Plutarch the Gladiator War and the War of Spartacus, was the last in a series of slave rebellions against the Roman Republic, known as the Servile Wars.The Third was the only one directly to threaten the Roman heartland of Italy.It was particularly alarming to Rome because its military seemed powerless to suppress it. In this way it is possible to research individual people and events in great detail. Spartacus, however, is described by Plutarch as \"more Greek than Thracian\" and notes that he was exceptionally intelligent and highly cultured. Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. His story was also the loose basis for the TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, with Andy Whitfield as Spartacus, which debuted on the Starz cable network in 2010. Spartacus (approximately 100–71 BCE), was a gladiator from Thrace who led a major revolt against Rome. Around 6,000 of his followers who escaped were hunted down and crucified. Spartacus summary: Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator. His exact beginnings are up for debate: Plutarch states that he was of a nomadic tribe, while writer Florus claims he was a mercenary. They fought off a series of attacks from Roman forces, but then turned south. Spartacus Was a Real Gladiator and the Baddest Rebel Leader in Rome Kirk Douglas, with armor on his right arm, engages in a fight in a scene from the 1960 movie "Spartacus," directed by Stanley Kubrick. He was eventually defeated by Crassus and crucified. Crassus ordered their decimation. There are 3 hypothetical birth places for Spartacus. She is of a slender and petite figure. In The Spartacus War, Barry Strauss gives a … Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. Spartacus Impressively, his forces jumped from a mere 74 escapees to nearly 60,000 men (with some estimates as high as 125,000). Julius Caesar, upon becoming dictator for life, remembered the rebellion and became determined to prevent another. He was eventually defeated by Crassus and crucified.  © As the Ancient Encyclopedia explains, the slave army led by Spartacus was made up of as many as 120,000 men who were laying waste to southern Italy and had already defeated two Roman armies when Crassus was sent to put the rebellion down. The goal of this essay is to determine if Spartacus had an impact on the Roman Empire, or if the slave revolt he led was a failure that led to a waste of time and lives. Spartacus is an American television series produced in New Zealand that premiered on Starz on January 22, 2010, and concluded on April 12, 2013. The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. Entries usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. Spartacus then switched gears and marched his men toward Sicily. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Douglas played the title character. He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. One of those was Spartacus, the leader of a rebellion of gladiators and slaves that escalated to a full-scale war in the years 73-70. 109 BC - ca. At the end of 1918 the group became the German Communist Party, which in 1919 organized an uprising in Berlin that was brutally crushed. Spartacus (died 71 B.C.) Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. The Spartacist League was a revolutionary socialist group, formed in Germany in 1916, which unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow the government in 1919. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus (played by Douglas), who earns a reputation for courage as a gladiator while a possession of the wealthy Lentulus Batiatus ( Peter Ustinov ). Read the essential details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) Spartacus, however, is described by Plutarch as \"more Greek than Thracian\" and notes that he was exceptionally intelligent and highly cultured. His first attempt was unsuccessful due to a lieutenant disobeying Crassus' orders. One of those was Spartacus, the leader of a rebellion of gladiators and slaves that escalated to a full-scale war in the years 73-70. He was sold into slavery and trained at the gladiatorial school in Capua, north of Naples. Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. She wears a ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave. Spartacus is thought to have been killed in the battle. He joined the Roman legion when he was a teenager, but he really didn't like life in the legion, so he deserted. Like most deserters, he was caught. 71 BC) was a gladiator of Thracian origin, lived in the Roman Republic and was the leader of the most famous slave revolt in Ancient Rome, known as " Third Servile War "," Slave War "or" Gladiator War ".Spartacus led, during the revolt, a rebel army that had almost 40,000 ex-slaves. Their insurrection came to be known as the Third Servile War, or the Gladiators’ War. The legend of Spartacus has inspired so many fanciful retellings, it's easy to lose track of what actually happened back in 73 BC. Read more. He was then put into the arena to fight animals or other gladiators. Spartacus, American epic adventure film, released in 1960, that recounts the story of a historical slave uprising (73–71 bce) against Rome. This meant that the 5,000 men were split into 50 groups of 10, and essentially drew straws. Like most lower-ranking slaves, she is often barefoot. Varinia is the name novelist Howard Fast invented for the wife of Spartacus. Spartacus was an escaped slave/gladiator who led a slave revolt against the Romans. This illustration depicts his death in battle. Read the essential details about the Assassination of John F. Kennedy. He has become a modern-day inspirational figure. Historical accounts vary and often contradict each other, but most agree that he was an accomplished military leader, and perhaps served in the Roman army, which gave him an understandin… Spartacus was responsible for one of history's most daring rebellions, the Third Servile War. Spartacus was played by Kirk Douglas in a famous 1960 film (directed by Stanley Kubrick). Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. Entries usually include a narrative, illustrations and primary sources. The Spartacus acting legend, who had been in good health since suffering a stroke in 1996, is survived by his wife of 65 years, Anne, and his sons Michael, Joel, and … He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. Main index menu covering the Important Figures in the Case, Important Witnesses, Investigators, Researchers and Journalists, Possible Conspirators, Organizations and Operations, Reports on the Assassination, Kennedy Assassination Issues, Primary Sources: Key Issues, Primary Sources: Theories, Student Activities. 1. (Other sources: 111 BCE, although I don’t know where they get it from). Little is known about his life before he became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman Republic. We don't know for sure that Spartacus was married, let alone what his wife's name was—although Plutarch does say Spartacus was married to a Thracian. Spartacus lived the life of a gladiator. She was called Sura in the recent TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand. She wears a ragged tunic of grey and blue, befitting her status as a slave. The Spartacus Educational website provides a series of free history encyclopaedias. A Thracian by birth, Spartacus served in the Roman army, perhaps deserted, led bandit raids, and was caught and sold as a slave. revolt of spartacus: The real Spartacus was a freeborn provincial from Thrace, who may have served as an auxiliary in the Roman army in Macedonia. Leading his army of runaway slaves, which has been estimated to have reached 100,000 men, Spartacus defeated a series of Roman attacks using tactics which would now be called guerrilla warfare. Spartacus escaped in 73 BC and took refuge on nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him. Roman slave and gladiator, and leader of a famous slave revolt. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus Nothing is known of his youth nor how he became a slave to Rome. "When Spartacus beat a Roman praetor though, all of a sudden there was another option; there was a group you could flee to that had managed to not just stand against Rome, but had actually managed to defeat a Roman officer on the battlefield," he says. His leadership resulted in the defeat of nine Roman armies. Like most deserters, he was caught. He is thought to have been born in Thrace (modern day Balkan region) and it has been suggested he was in the Roman army. That's all we really know about him. He joined the Roman legion when he was a teenager, but he really didn't like life in the legion, so he deserted. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a major slave revolt. Spartacus was played by Kirk Douglas in a famous 1960 film (directed by Stanley Kubrick). His forces struck blow after blow against Rome and wreaked havoc on the countryside for two years. The administration in Rome now began to take the threat from Spartacus seriously and the Roman politician and general Marcus Licinius Crassus led an army south. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Spartacus was a Thracian, originally from a region north of Macedonia, which was considered by both Greeks and Romans as uncivilized and barbaric. According to Appian, a Roman historian but Greek by birth, Spartacus was born in Thrace but … Through a series of laws, he hoped to reduce the dependency on slaves by encouraging the hiring of free laborers. He deserted the army, was outlawed, captured, sold into slavery, and trained at the gladiatorial school of Batiatus in Capua. Spartacus (1960) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Rome's legions were sorely challenged by rebellious slaves and gladiators led up and down the Italian boot by the determined Thracian named Spartacus He was sent to a gladiator school where he constantly trained to fight. Nothing is known of his youth nor how he became a slave to Rome. To read the original historical sources, see Historical Accounts of Spartacus' WarSpartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Gauls Crixus and Oenomaus, a Roman Castus, and a Celt Gannicus, was one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. Spartacus may have served in the Roman Army. At the end of 1918 the group became the German Communist Party, which in 1919 organized an uprising in Berlin that was brutally crushed. Spartacus (1960) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. Spartacus was a Thracian, originally from a region north of Macedonia, which was considered by both Greeks and Romans as uncivilized and barbaric. In 72 BC Spartacus and his army marched north towards Gaul (the Roman term for a region covering France, the Low Countries and northern Italy). https://www.britannica.com/biography/Spartacus-Roman-gladiator. The slaves managed to break through the fortifications that Crassus had built to trap them, but were pursued to Lucania where the rebel army was destroyed. The uprising soon spreads across the Italian Peninsula involving thousand of slaves. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Both accounts describe more or less the same events in exactly the same sequence, and it is tempting to see the same source behind their stories, probably the Histories of Sallust or (less l… This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) He appears to have served in a Roman auxiliary unit for a time, deserted and became either a bandit or insurgent against the Romans. Spartacus League a German revolutionary socialist group (the Spartacists) founded in 1916 by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (18711919) with the aims of overthrowing the government and ending the First World War; they took their name from the Thracian slave and revolutionary Spartacus. He was a Thracian soldier who was captured and sold into slavery by the Romans, and forced to train as a gladiator. With about 70 fellow gladiators he escaped a gladiatorial training school at Capua in 73 and took refuge on Mount Vesuvius, where other runaway slaves joined the band.After defeating two Roman forces in succession, the rebels overran most of southern Italy. The movie, which starred Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim. She is of a slender and petite figure. He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? Spartacus was an ancient Roman slave and gladiator who led a rebellion against the Roman Republic. The text within each entry is linked to other relevant pages in the encyclopaedia. He was basically a slave who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the Romans. In 73 B.C., a Thracian slave leads a revolt at a gladiatorial school run by Lentulus Batiatus (Sir Peter Ustinov). Spartacus, a former slave in the Roman Empire, did not think it was very fair and neither did the other thousands of people that led a revolt with Spartacus against slavery. With Kirk Douglas, Laurence Olivier, Jean Simmons, Charles Laughton. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. Every unlucky tenth was killed. Who was the real Spartacus? While little of his early life is known, Spartacus was originally from Thrace, an area northeast of Macedonia, and may have been a Roman soldier. His story was also the loose basis for the TV series Spartacus: Blood and Sand, with Andy Whitfield as Spartacus, which debuted on the Starz cable network in 2010. Historian Plutarch described him as cultured and intelligent, “more Greek than Thracian.” The slave Spartacus leads a violent revolt against the decadent Roman Republic. Occupation: Gladiator Born: Around 109 BC Died: 71 BC on a battlefield near Petelia, Italy Best known for: Leading a slave uprising against Rome Biography: Early Life Not a lot is known about Spartacus' early life. To read the original historical sources, see Historical Accounts of Spartacus' WarSpartacus was a Thracian gladiator who, along with Gauls Crixus and Oenomaus, a Roman Castus, and a Celt Gannicus, was one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. Stanley Kubrick directed Kirk Douglas in the film Spartacus, released in 1960. Both accounts describe more or less the same events in exactly the same sequence, and it is tempting to see the same source behind their stories, probably the Histories of Sallust or (less likely) Liv… Little is known about this fighting enslaved man from Thrace beyond his role in the spectacular revolt that became known as the Third Servile War (73–71 BCE). Spartacus is a 1960 American epic historical drama film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Dalton Trumbo, and based on the 1951 novel of the same title by Howard Fast. As Spartacus, played by Kirk Douglas, stands up to say, "I'm Spartacus," his best friend Antoninus (Tony Curtis) jumps up, along with dozens of others, all exclaiming, "I'm Spartacus… Sibyl is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a side braid, blue eyes and fair skin. He was a Thracian who joined the Roman army as a young man. was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a major slave revolt. Biographies >> Ancient Rome. The war and Spartacus’ role in it had a lasting effect. Spartacus League a German revolutionary socialist group (the Spartacists) founded in 1916 by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht (18711919) with the aims of overthrowing the government and ending the First World War; they took their name from the Thracian slave and revolutionary Spartacus. As the Ancient Encyclopedia explains, the slave army led by Spartacus was made up of as many as 120,000 men who were laying waste to southern Italy and had already defeated two Roman armies when Crassus was sent to put the rebellion down. Thousands of others were killed by the army of the Roman general Pompey, who then claimed the credit for suppressing the rebellion. Spartacus was just one of the many who made the trek into Italy The problem is that Spartacus lost, and all his fellow gladiator-slave compadres who said, “I am Spartacus” were martyred for a lost cause, too. Spartacus was the leader of an army of runaway slaves that shook Italy in 73-71 BCE but was ultimately defeated by the Roman general Crassus. Sibyl is a young slave with long, dark brown hair usually worn in a side braid, blue eyes and fair skin. Spartacus’s troops defeated them so badly that when Mummius’s men returned to their commander, punishment awaited. The Spartacus Educational website provides a series of free history encyclopaedias. That's all we really know about him. We have two main sources: Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122) describes this war in his Life of Crassus (text), and one generation later, Appian told the story in his History of the Civil wars (text).

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